Taoffen Boots Black Zipper High Fashion 2 Dress warm Women Heel 7xq7HfOBy definition, the slope or gradient of a line describes its steepness, incline, or grade. 
If the 2 Points are Known
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If 1 Point and the Slope are Known
warm High Heel Black Women 2 Boots Dress Fashion Taoffen ZipperX_{1} =  
Y_{1} =  
distance (d) =  
Zipper Taoffen 2 Fashion Dress Women warm High Heel Black Boots slope (m) =  OR angle of incline (θ) = ° 
Slope, sometimes referred to as gradient in mathematics, is a number that measures the steepness and direction of a line, or a section of a line connecting two points, and is usually denoted by m. Generally, a line's steepness is measured by the absolute value of its slope, m. The larger the value is, the steeper the line. Given m, it is possible to determine the direction of the line that Zipper Boots Taoffen Dress Heel Women 2 High Black Fashion warm m describes based on its sign and value:
 Black Zipper Fashion Taoffen High Women Dress 2 warm Heel Boots A line is increasing, and goes upwards from left to right when m > 0
 A line is decreasing, and goes downwards from left to right when m < 0
 A line has a constant slope, and is horizontal when m = 0 black Women’s 990 Boots P1285enelope 9c Tommy Ankle Black Hilfiger q1S0wxnP
 A vertical line has an undefined slope, since it would result in a fraction with 0 as the denominator. Refer to the equation provided below.
Zipper Boots warm Black Taoffen Fashion Heel 2 High Women Dress Slope is essentially change in height over change in horizontal distance, and is often referred to as "rise over run." It has applications in gradients in geography as well as civil engineering, such as the building of roads. In the case of a road the "rise" is the change in altitude, while the "run" is the difference in distance between two fixed points, as long as the distance for the measurement is not large enough that the earth's curvature should be considered as a factor. The slope is represented mathematically as:
m = 

In the equation above, y_{2}  y_{1} = Δy, or vertical change, while x_{2}  x_{Dress Black warm 2 Fashion Zipper Taoffen Boots Women Heel High 1} = Δx, or horizontal change, as shown in the graph provided. It can also be seen that ΔxSkechers Women’s black hotpink Trainers Black Go Flex fwf1A and Δy are line segments that form a right triangle with hypotenuse d, with d being the distance between the points (x_{1}, y_{1}) and (x_{2}, y_{2}). Since Taoffen Women Fashion warm Boots 2 Zipper Black Heel High Dress Taoffen Boots Dress 2 warm Fashion Heel Women Zipper High Black Δx and Δy form a right triangle, it is possible to calculate d using the Pythagorean theorem. Refer to the Fashion Women's Sandals Osvaldo Sandals Women's Pericoli Osvaldo Pericoli Fashion OxZ4xUq for more detail on the Pythagorean theorem as well as how to calculate the angle of incline θ provided in the calculator above. Briefly:
d = √(x_{2}  x_{1})^{2} + (y_{2}  y_{1})^{Zipper Women Black Boots warm Fashion 2 Heel High Dress Taoffen 2}
The above equation is the Pythagorean theorem at its root, where the hypotenuse d has already been solved for, and the other two sides of the triangle are determined by subtracting the two x and y values given by two points. Given two points, it is possible to find θ using the following equation:
m = tan(θ)
Given the points (3,4) and (6,8) find the slope of the line, the distance between the two points, and the angle of incline:
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= 

d = √(6  3)^{2} + (8  4)^{2} = 5
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= tan(θ) 
θ = tan^{1}(4/3) = 63.435°
While this is beyond the scope of this calculator, aside from its basic linear use, the concept of a slope is important in differential calculus. For nonlinear functions, the rate of change of a curve varies, and the derivative of a function at a given point is the rate of change of the function, represented by the slope of the line tangent to the curve at that point.